Common Sense Science & Religion   ><>
Common Sense Wolves and Trophy Hunting
Wolves and Game Animal Trophy Hunting     v2.7
  •  TRUTH concerning Wolves and their Right to exist and
    thrive, unmolested, in the natural environment.
Human trophy hunters kill from the ‘top-down’ which eliminates the largest and most physically fit
adults, who are the most viable breeding stock for the species, which perpetuates the growth of weak
herds of ungulates. Trophy hunters perpetuate the decline of the animal gene pool by killing off the
best specimens first. These actions weaken the herds in the long run.

At the same time, human hunters eradicate their opposition: the natural predators. Predators do mainly
‘bottom-up’ hunting… this means that predators seldom kill the human hunter’s claimed prey. Humans
are not being overly deprived of what they unrightfully claim as “theirs” to hunt! People have no more
RIGHT to a deer than any other hunter! What makes them think that they have anymore RIGHT to
harvest a deer than any OTHER Predator?

Because of lesser viable breeding stock, combined with the lack of predators, the ungulates and other
game animals then devastate the ecological environment that they live in. The herds then overstay their
then-current locations, overgrazing the meadows, and overeating and trampling the riparian vegetation
and stream edges before they move on.

In 1920 wolves were essentially eradicated in the Lower 48, then in 1995/96 there were 31 Canadian
wolves reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Prior to 95/96, the ungulates would overstay in one
location, and wear-out the land, riverbanks, and the food sources, before they moved on.

After the wolves came back, that all changed, now the deer, elk, and buffalo herds keep on the move,
as is their natural tendency.
NO MORE fat lazy animals! Their overall health and the health of the
vegetation and land features improved too, because of the natural
‘bottom-up’ culling that predators do.

This Incredible Video Proves That Everything Is Connected to Everything
http://www.atchuup.com/reintroduction-of-wolves-to-yellowstone/

Wolves, lions, and other top predators take out the diseased, old, sick, weak, injured, and young.
By eliminating the diseased, old, sick, weak, and injured, any diseases present are also eliminated or put
in check and less likely to be transferred to other herd members, whatever their current health situation.
This improves the herd in the long run.
A heard can easily produce more young… but how long can it take to replace its prime breeding males
when they are constantly being eliminated by human
‘top-down’ hunting?
Hunting rifles have been greatly improved since black-powder, muzzle-loading, single-shot, flintlock,
rifles were invented, but, have the animal’s abilities improved?
Let us help four-legged hunters to survive; they are the keepers of our natural environment!
If we MUST hunt, we need to hunt more like the wolves!

The lonesome howl of a gray wolf may conjure romantic images of the American West, but the species
has long been targeted for eradication. In the early 1900s, gray wolves were trapped, poisoned, hunted,
and otherwise largely eliminated from the Lower 48 United States. In 1960 no more than 800
remainedof a wolf population that had once numbered in the many hundreds of thousands. Those
wolves did not decimate the population of any other species as ignorant people would have you believe.
Or do you believe that before the coming of the White Man, when the wolf population numbered
many hundreds of thousands, that the Native Americans only had ROCKS to eat? They had an
abundance of deer and other ungulates! They respected the wolf; they did not fear or hate them.

Predators balance animal populations.
There was an overabundance of elk in Yellowstone at the time when the wolves were reintroduced,
which resulted in the elk’s numbers to drop, then later the wolves’ population also dropped.
From the link below:
  • “…Wolves are not super-predators and healthy elk are tough to kill, he said. Neither side is so
    formidable as to wipe out the balance between the two species…”

  • "Wolves are having a harder time, …because there are both fewer elk in the Yellowstone National
    Park and the herd has fewer individuals with problems - the old, sick or injured. A decade ago, the
    elk population density was as high as 13-15 per square kilometer, …Today, it is down to 6-7 per
    square kilometer.”

  • “Wolves are capable predators, but they're not super-predators…”

Population plateaus
  • …that as the prey base gets smaller, so do predator numbers.

  • Indeed, in 2011, for the first time since wolves were reintroduced to the park, wolf numbers appear
    to have hit a population plateau.

  • Smith estimates about 169 wolves in 15 packs in the park in 2011, down from 174 the year before,
    indicating wolves could be approaching the carrying capacity of the park. In 2014 the wolf count
    was 104.

  • Competition between packs has intensified, Smith said, while packs are beginning to run up against
    food limits. That means that wolves will kill members of rival packs. Even when a pack has a larger
    than expected number of pups, their survival rate is not as great as it was even a few years ago,
    Smith said, because there is less food.

Nature does this prey vs. predator balancing because too many of one species of prey animals are
balanced by an increase in the population of predators. When the predators exceed the population of
prey, the predator species decreases due to hunger and less breeding. In any NATURAL system, all of
the populations of ALL the various pray and predator species will be in a constant state of flux. It is the
availability of food, the pressure of predation, and disease that makes the difference. However, most of
the time the natural balance is well maintained, if the animals are left in peace.

Human hunters do an extremely poor job trying to accomplish a prey versus predator balance. There
was once, literally billions of mice that overran Australia at one time. Other than the introduced species
of foxes, cats, dogs, and the Native species of snakes and spiders, there are no other murine (mouse)
predators in Australia. The mouse population had overrun the predators, due to the severe lack of
sufficient predators and the abundant availability of the mouse’s food sources, then the mouse
population finally crashed when the food ran out.
Everyone is aware of the overabundance of rabbits in Australia.
The availability of sufficient predators is a NECESSARY part of the equation!

Let us help four-legged hunters to survive; they are the keepers of our natural environment!
If we MUST hunt, we need to hunt more like the wolves!

Gray wolves create a balance between predator and prey in Yellowstone
https://www.yellowstonepark.com/things-to-do/wolves-elk-balance

Killing Wolves Backfires
https://www.yellowstonepark.com/news/killed-wolf-increases-livestock-deaths
A recent study out of the scientific journal reports that killing a wolf that preys on sheep or cattle is not
the best strategy to protect the livestock. Courtney Holden - Dec 15, 2014  

These Non-Lethal Methods Encouraged by Science Can Keep Wolves From Killing Livestock
Experts say old, repurposed techniques and new technologies may be better than bullets at curbing
attacks by the predators.
“Research from the Carnivore Coexistence Lab at the University of Wisconsin Madison has shown that
killing gray wolves actually leads to three times more livestock attacks, a finding supported by behavioral
studies elsewhere. “The wolf pack is a family,” says Adrian Treves, who runs the lab. They cooperate to
defend territory and raise pups. When one is killed, the destabilizing effect ripples through the pack.
Reproductive age goes down, and naive juvenile attacks on livestock go up, according to Colleen St.
Clair, a biologist at the University of Alberta.”

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/these-non-lethal-methods-encouraged-science-can-keep-wolves-killing-livestock-180976505/


Well, DUH!
One doubtful Internet poster claimed for proof, he wanted me to provide him with link to a ‘Peer
Reviewed Scientific Study’ on this, I
replyied:
“We don’t need to spend 5 million dollars on a
“Scientific Peer-Reviewed Study”
(then toss out the results, because: “We didn’t like the results that we got!”)
To PROVE the OBVIOUS!
  • (Q.) Killing from the top-down of the breeding males, leaves what?
    (A.) Lesser genetically viable males to breed!
  • (Q.) Killing off the natural predators, leaves what?
    (A.) An unhealthy heard and an unhealthy environment!

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My first impression of a live wolf was at the San Diego Zoo, where they had a temporary 6-foot wire
fence, just wire with no fence posts, surrounding a small tree… it was located right on the pedestrian
walkway… inside was a lone adult wolf and a young female Zoo Staff Member… who was sitting on a
chair.

I have seen many photos and videos of people crawling into the dens of wolves and dragging out the
pups, while the mom stood by!
Obviously, these are really dangerous animals? These were wild wolves,
not wolves who were raised by humans, and/or in an enclosure.

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This statement below is FALSE!
There is no documented evidence of healthy, non-rabid wolves EVER killing anyone...
in the history of the USA!”

The TRUTH:
FATAL WOLF ATTACKS do happen, but they are extremely RARE!
There have been only two verified fatal wolf attacks on humans in North America, by healthy wild
wolves.
This is a list of ‘verified’, ‘questionable’, and ‘unverified’ attacks. Some of the wolves involved in the
study have been captive, rabid, or crossbreeds. . (See “Wolf/Dog hybrids” below)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wolf_attacks_in_North_America

Wolf attacks are injuries to humans or their property by any species of wolf. Their frequency varies with
geographical location and historical period. Gray wolf attacks are rare because wolves are often
subsequently killed, or even extirpated (exterminated) in reaction by human beings. As a result, wolves
today tend to live mostly far from people or have developed the tendency and ability to avoid them.
The country with the most extensive historical records is France, where nearly 7,600 fatal attacks were
documented from 1200 to 1920. [See Ernest Thompson-Seton’s
“Great Historic Animals - Mainly
About Wolves”
for many of them.]
There are few historical records or modern cases of wolf attacks in North America. In the half-
century up to 2002, there were eight fatal attacks in Europe and Russia, *
three in North America,
and more than 200 in south Asia. Experts categorize wolf attacks into various types, including rabies-
infected, predatory, agonistic, and defensive.                        (*different source material)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolf_attack

However, I have seen many photos and videos of people crawling into the dens of wolves and dragging
out the pups, while the mom stood by!

If we MUST hunt, we need to hunt more like the wolves!

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PROOF: The Yellowstone Wolf Experiment:
“Wolf Reintroduction Changes Ecosystem” MyYellowstonePark.com, June 2011.
https://www.yellowstonepark.com/things-to-do/wolf-reintroduction-changes-ecosystem

Wolves in Yellowstone National Park
https://www.yellowstonepark.com/things-to-do/wildlife/wolves
http://www.atchuup.com/reintroduction-of-wolves-to-yellowstone/
https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2qcbbc

Search: < Wolf Expert Doug Smith on the Yellowstone Wolf Project >
Or: < wolves “doug smith” >

Great video on Yellowstone NP, a portion concerning wolves starts at 21:20 to 23:08
The History of Yellowstone National Park
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DY9OIg03SI8

  • Search parameters:
< Yellowstone before the reintroduction of wolves >
< trophy hunting is bad for the species >

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On the KILLING of LIVESTOCK
Coexisting With Wolves - Washington wolf recovery talking points
July 2020 update: Getting to fewer conflicts between wolves and livestock in Washington
There is an extremely simple non-lethal method of keeping wolves out of an area.... Red Ribbons
called 'FLADRY' attached to a fence or wire!
"Reducing conflict by working with communities
Conflict avoidance measures, information sharing, and expert resources are offered by the Washington
Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) and Conservation Northwest to ranchers and farmers
across the state. Conflict avoidance methods like range riders, guard dogs and fladry can work well, but
they aren’t a cure all."
https://www.conservationnw.org/our-work/wildlife/coexisting-with-wolves/

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I have a half-dozen books on wolves and scientific wolf studies.
These books were written by scientists and wolf biologists who were studying wild wolf packs while
close-up in the natural Canadian Wilderness, near the Arctic Circle for a year or more, and following
the Pack’s movements across the Tundra... Crawling in the wolf’s den to check on the pups, these are
major “encounters”! These were wild wolves, not wolves who were raised by humans, and/or in an
enclosure.

  • In the ‘The Arctic Wolf - Living with the Pack’, by L. David Mech
One of the photos shows the shadows of David Mech with his camera, and the Mom and two pups,
just a few feet away!

Some of the other books I have read and studied:
  • ‘In Praise of Wolves’, R.D. Lawrence
  • ‘The Red Snow - A Story of the Alaskan Gray Wolf’, James Greiner
  • ‘Of Wolves and Men’, Barry Holstun Lopez
  • ‘Wolves of the High Arctic’, L. David Mech

  • I also have Ernest Thompson-Seton’s “Great Historic Animals - Mainly About Wolves” written in
    1937
    He is the one who also wrote:
  • LOBO THE KING OF THE CURRUMPAW in “Wild Animals I Have Known”

*In Seton’s book: “…Mainly About Wolves” tells the stories of many of those infamous European killer
“wolves” from long ago, during the years of 1430 to 1764, that killed many people. Although Seton’s
book never says so, they were most likely
wolf/dog hybrids. Many of those infamous European Killer
Wolf Packs were led by GIANT “wolves” that became the Alpha Pack-Leaders!
What happened in Europe to change the score? Men with improved weapons! Then wolves learned to
fear and respect humans and not think of us as just another prey species.

Wolf/Dog hybrids can run the entire gambit from very doggy-like to very wolf-like and well
BEYOND!
Wolfdogs may have no natural innate fear of humans. In many cases, the resulting adult wolfdog may
be much larger than either of its parents due to the genetic phenomenon of heterosis (commonly
known as hybrid vigor).
Noted historic cases such as the
Beast of Gévaudan (also written about in Seton’s “…Mainly About
Wolves”)
of exceptionally large wolves that were abnormally aggressive toward humans, this may be
attributable to wolf-dog mating. Observations on wild wolfdogs in the former Soviet Union indicate that
in a wild state these may form larger packs than pure wolves, and have greater endurance when chasing
prey.

Due to the variability inherent to their admixture, whether a wolf-dog cross should be considered more
dangerous or less dangerous than an average dog depends on behavior specific to the individual alone
rather than to wolfdogs as a group.

Scholarly Article-

What Drives Wolves: Fear or Hunger? Humans, Diet, Climate and Wolf Activity Patterns
http://wolves344.blogspot.com/


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This Document is available to download in a MS Word.docx format at:
Wolves – and Game Animal Trophy Hunting

You have permission to copy and use this document as long as you retain this
entire statement, and crediting the source:
THIS IS FROM:
https://www.pineapplefish56.net/Common_Sense-Wolves.html  
--- Wolves and Trophy Hunting
--- Everything Is Connected to Everything
---Gray wolves create a balance between
predator and prey in Yellowstone
--- PROOF: The Yellowstone Wolf Experiment